Taking action on smoking and health
Search period: 27/11 - 10/12
Smoking prevalence in the UK and the impact of data collection changes: 2020
Published: 09/12/2021, ONS
In Great Britain, based on data from the OPN, 15.3% said they smoked cigarettes at the start of the coronavirus pandemic in April 2020; the proportion peaked in August when 16.3% smoked, though this increase was not statistically significant; smoking prevalence fell after August and was statistically significantly lower in November (13.5%) and December (12.5%) when compared with August 2020.
The use of tobacco industry vaping products in the UK and product characteristics: A cross-sectional survey
Published: 19/12/2021, Nicotine and Tobacco Research
Conclusion: TI vaping products were popular in the UK, associations with product and user characteristics suggest that TI products may be less conducive to smoking cessation, although the findings were not always consistent.
Population-Level Interventions and Health Disparities: The Devil is in the Detail
Published: 09/12/2021, Nicotine and Tobacco Research
Editorial: ..Despite substantial reductions in tobacco consumption in many parts of the world, the above target appears ambitious.3 There are still glaring disparities in tobacco use both between nations based on their incomes and within nations based on social divisions.
Impact of e-liquid warning labels on young adults’ perception of e-cigarettes and intention to use them: an experimental online study
Published: 06/12/2021, Tobacco Control
Conclusions: The results suggest that text WLs on e-liquid vials are moderately effective in preventing e-cigarette use in young adults. However, they capture less attention than the rest of the vial and fail to increase the perception of addictiveness. It is suggested to explore other types of design to increase the effectiveness of WLs.
Examination of the association between state tobacco control spending and the demand for electronic cigarettes by high school students
Published: 8/12/2021, Tobacco Control
Conclusions: There has been a dramatic increase in e-cigarette use by adolescents and young adults in the USA. The rapid rise in e-cigarette use has been a significant source of public policy concern for many states. The results of this study strongly suggest that increased spending on tobacco control programmes will reduce the number of high school students who vape and will decrease the number of days vaping products are used by high school students. These findings should be extremely valuable to policymakers interested in curbing the youth vaping epidemic in the USA.
Delivery of smoking cessation treatment via live chat: An analysis of client-centered coaching skills and behavior change techniques
Published: December 2021, Patient Education and Counselling
Conclusions: Tobacco cessation coaching using MI skills and evidence-based BCTs can be delivered via live chat. This synchronous modality allows the delivery of an intervention tailored to the user's motivations and goals.
Do post-quitting experiences predict smoking relapse among former smokers in Australia and the United Kingdom? Findings from the International Tobacco Control Surveys
Published: 09/12/2021, Drug and Alcohol Review
Discussion and conclusions: The study showed that ex-smokers' relapse risk was elevated if they perceived any negative impact of quitting on their stress coping whereas relapse risk was reduced if they perceived any positive impact of quitting on the home (e.g. fresher and cleaner). Helping ex-smokers to develop alternative stress coping strategies and highlighting the positive impacts of quitting smoking on the homes may help protect against smoking relapse.
Stressor-elicited smoking and craving during a smoking cessation attempt
Published: 09/12/2021, Journal of Abnormal Psychology
Conclusion: This study supports a prospective relationship between stressful events and smoking/craving in situ and demonstrates that NRT does not reduce the impact of stressors on smoking or craving.
This product kills: lessons from tobacco control to help tackle the climate emergency
Published: 08/12/2021, Tobacco Control
Blog: From a public health perspective petrol and smoking products are similar in many respects; both are: damaging to the health of the consumer and those exposed to second-hand effects;
could be classed as ‘addictive’ and have been marketed as providing a desirable lifestyle;
are produced by a small number of global multinationals who have expended considerable effort to argue that their products are not harmful to society; and are generally accepted by society as products that we need to phase out either through the tobacco end-game or the global drive towards ‘net zero’ carbon emissions.
So let us reflect a little about how public health has successfully tackled tobacco and societal addiction to such a harmful product over the past half century, with a view to considering if we can apply any of that learning to help tackle our collective and destructive use of fossil fuels.
Tobacco: preventing uptake, promoting quitting and treating dependence
Published: 30 November 2021, NICE guidelines
This guideline covers support to stop smoking for everyone aged 12 and over, and help to reduce people's harm from smoking if they are not ready to stop in one go. It also covers ways to prevent children, young people and young adults aged 24 and under from taking up smoking. The guideline brings together and updates all NICE's previous guidelines on using tobacco, including smokeless tobacco.
Effects of interventions to combat tobacco addiction: Cochrane update of 2019 and 2020 reviews
Published: 02/12/2012, Addiction
Conclusions: There is high certainty that using nicotine replacement therapy from quit day increases smoking abstinence and no further research is required. Evidence is less certain that nicotine replacement increases abstinence when used in higher doses tailored to particular groups of smokers or use prior to quit day and further research would be helpful. There is moderate certainty evidence to support the use of e-cigarettes as cessation aids, but research on their role in preventing relapse would be particularly helpful.
Communication of personalised disease risk by general practitioners to motivate smoking cessation in England: A cost-effectiveness and research prioritisation study
Published: 02/12/2021, Addiction
Conclusions: Evidence to date shows that, in England, incorporating disease risk communication into general practitioners' practices to motivate smoking cessation is likely to be cost-effective compared with usual care.
Trajectories of Nicotine Use Leading to Dual and Cyclical Tobacco Product Use in Young Adults
Published: 29/11/2021, Nicotine and Tobacco Research
Conclusion: The current study characterizes nicotine use trajectories and reasons why young adults vape, and smoke cigarettes. Dual and cyclical use of both e-cigarettes and cigarettes was common; this pattern of use should be considered in policy and prevention work to address nicotine dependence among young people.
Tobacco retailers’ support for point-of-sale tobacco control policies in England: Association study of retailers’ perceived importance of tobacco sales, contact with the tobacco industry, and the perceived impact of the policy
Published: 30/12/2021, Nicotine and Tobacco Research
Conclusion: In England, small retailers’ support for the four point-of-sale tobacco control policies varied between 54-66%. Support seems unrelated to perceived importance of tobacco sales, and contact with the tobacco industry, but seems strongly related to the perceived impact of tobacco control policies on their business.
Inequity in smoking cessation clinical trials testing pharmacotherapies: exclusion of smokers with mental health disorders
Published: 03/12/2012, Tobacco Control
Conclusion: Smokers with mental health disorders are not sufficiently represented in RCTs examining the safety and effectiveness of smoking cessation medications. Greater access to clinical trial participation needs to be facilitated for this group to better address access to appropriate pharmacotherapeutic interventions in this vulnerable population.
Cigarette dependence is more prevalent and increasing among US adolescents and adults who use cannabis, 2002–2019
Published: 01/12/2021, Tobacco Control
Conclusions: US individuals who use both cigarettes and cannabis report a higher prevalence of cigarette dependence relative to individuals who use cigarettes and do not use cannabis at virtually all levels of cigarette consumption. Further, cigarette dependence is increasing in the USA both among those who use and do not use cannabis. Given the increase in cannabis use among those using cigarettes, efforts to elucidate the nature of the association between cannabis and cigarette dependence are needed.
Applying topic modelling and qualitative content analysis to identify and characterise ENDS product promotion and sales on Instagram
Published: 02/12/2012, Tobacco Control
Conclusions: Instagram is a global venue for unregulated ENDS sales, including flavoured products, and access to websites lacking age verification. Such posts may violate Instagram’s policies and US federal and state law, necessitating more robust review and enforcement to prevent ENDS uptake and access.
Risk perceptions and continued smoking as a function of cigarette filter ventilation level among US youth and young adults who smoke
Published: 02/12/2021, Tobacco Control
Conclusion: Youth and young adults who use higher filter ventilated (FV) cigarettes perceived their brand as less harmful compared with other brands. However, level of FV was not associated with continued smoking.
Statewide vaping product excise tax policy and use of electronic nicotine delivery systems among US young adults, 2014–2019
Published: 03/12/2021, Tobacco Control
Conclusions: Our findings suggest that adopting a vaping product excise tax policy may help reduce ENDS use and suppress the increase of ENDS use prevalence among young adults. Considering that there are still a number of US states that have not implemented vaping product excise tax policy, wider adoption of such policy across the nation would likely help mitigate ENDS use prevalence.
Longitudinal associations between e-cigarette use, cigarette smoking, physical activity and recreational screen time in Canadian adolescents
Published: 28/11/2021, Nicotine and Tobacco Research
Conclusion: Given the clustering and co-occurring unhealthy behavioral patterns, intervention strategies to promote healthy lifestyles should take a holistic approach, by targeting multiple behavioral changes simultaneously.
Blood Nicotine Predicts the Behavioral Economic Abuse Liability of Reduced-Nicotine Cigarettes
Published: 03/12/2021, Nicotine and Tobacco Research
Conclusions: The lowest nicotine level (0.4mg/g) corresponded with the lowest abuse liability (α) compared to the full-strength control (15.8mg/g), with the 1.3mg/g level also resulting in low abuse liability.
Incentives for smoking cessation in pregnancy
Published: 01/12/2021, BMJ
Editorial: ...Berlin and colleagues’ study adds to growing evidence that the time is right to start including incentives as part of standard practice to support smoking cessation during pregnancy. Doing so will also play an important role in reducing health inequalities at their earliest origin.
Changes in e-cigarette and cigarette use during pregnancy and their association with small-for-gestational-age birth
Published: 02/12/2012, Americal Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Conclusions and relevance: Among exclusive e-cigarette users, quitting e-cigarettes during pregnancy may normalize small-for-gestational-age risk. Among exclusive cigarette users, quitting smoking or completely switching to e-cigarettes may also normalize small-for-gestational-age risk. Among dual users, smoking cessation has a greater effect than quitting e-cigarettes only, although discontinuing the use of both may lead to the greatest reduction in small-for-gestational-age risk
Action on Smoking & Health (Scotland) (ASH Scotland) is a registered Scottish charity (SC 010412) and a company limited by guarantee(Scottish company no 141711). The registered office is 8 Frederick Street, Edinburgh EH2 2HB.
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