Taking action on smoking and health
This page provides a non-exhaustive list of tobacco-related research articles identified from PubMed by the ASH Scotland Information Service. With a brief decription of the content of the research paper.
22/11/19 - 28/11/19
Adult use of and transitions from nicotine and non-nicotine containing e-cigarettes: Data from the Population Assessment of Tobacco and Health (PATH) Study, 2013-2016
Nicotine and Tobacco Research
Introduction: Studies largely focus on nicotine-containing e-cigarettes (NiCE) though non-nicotine containing e-cigarettes (NoCE) exist; NoCE prevalence and patterns of use are largely unknown. This study examines self-reported prevalence and patterns of NiCE/NoCE use. Results: Maintaining the self-reported NiCE/NoCE and ONP use status 1-year later was the most common use pattern between waves. However, 15.65% of exclusive NoCE users in Wave 2 transitioned to NoCE plus nicotine product use in Wave 3. Also, some exclusive NoCE users transitioned to exclusive NiCE use (17.77% Wave 1-2; 11.55% Wave 2-3).
Factors influencing smoking among Indigenous adolescents aged 1024 years living in Australia, New Zealand, Canada and the United States: A systematic review
Nicotine and Tobacco research
Introduction: Smoking rates are higher among Indigenous populations in most high-income countries with initiation primarily occurring in adolescence for all population groups. This review aims to identify protective and risk factors for smoking behaviour among Indigenous adolescents and young adults.
Using latent class analysis to examine susceptibility to various tobacco products among adolescents
Introduction: Most tobacco use is initiated during adolescence and susceptibility is an important predictor of initiation. Research is needed to understand susceptibility across tobacco products among youth to inform prevention efforts. Conclusions: We observed high rates of susceptibility to non-traditional tobacco products among youth, and many youth were susceptible to more than one product. Targeting susceptibility across multiple tobacco products may be important for reducing youth tobacco use.
Industry watch: Tobacco companies introduce ‘tobacco-free’ nicotine pouches
Excerpt: A new product category is emerging with several large tobacco companies now selling ‘tobacco-free’ nicotine pouches. These products are sold as pre-portioned pouches similar to snus, but instead of containing tobacco leaf, they are filled with white nicotine-containing powder (figure 1). The pouches are placed between the lip and gum, and require no spitting or refrigeration.
Prevalence and determinants of cigarette smoking relapse among US adult smokers: a longitudinal study
RESULTS: A total of 184 former smokers reported smoking relapse by 2011 (6.8% (5.7%-8.1%)). 1) relapse were higher among young people 2) living in smoke-free homes (SFHs) had 60% lower odds. 3) Hispanics showed significantly higher odds of relapse compared with Whites (non-Hispanics). 4) Odds of relapse were higher among never married, widowed, divorced and separated individuals. 5) Continuous smoking cessation for 6 months or more significantly decreased odds of relapse
Effect of e-cigarette flavors on nicotine delivery and puffing topography: results from a randomized clinical trial of daily smokers
Rationale: There is limited understanding regarding how various e-cigarette flavorings may influence the behavior of non-regular e-cigarette users who are regular cigarette smokers. RESULTS: Vaping different flavors resulted in different levels of plasma nicotine. The flavor producing the highest plasma nicotine concentration was cherry (which was not significantly different than nicotine delivery from a combustible cigarette. Vanilla e-liquid produced the lowest, and participants tended to puff less frequently on vanilla compared to tobacco. Flavors did not differ significantly in the speed of nicotine delivery. During controlled use, puff duration for all flavors was significantly longer than a combustible cigarette. After controlling for nicotine delivery, significant differences in flavor enjoyment were detected. Menthol flavored e-liquid was rated as more enjoyable than vanilla and tobacco flavored e-liquids (p < 0.05).
Explaining the social gradient in smoking and cessation: the peril and promise of social mobility
Sociology of Health and Illness
The impact of long-term exposure to ambient air pollution and second-hand smoke on the onset of Parkinson disease: a review and meta-analysis
OBJECTIVES: Long-term exposure to particulate and gaseous air pollution (AP) may trigger the development of Parkinson disease (PD), but this association remains controversial. The relationship between second-hand smoke (SS) and PD risk is also inconclusive. We aimed to systematically review epidemiological studies investigating the association between these AP exposures and PD risk. CONCLUSIONS: Our study suggested that exposure to PM2.5, NO2, and O3 might contribute to higher risk of PD, whereas SS conferring reduced PD risk.
Can public health policies on alcohol and tobacco reduce a cancer epidemic? Australia's experience
BACKGROUND: Although long-term alcohol and tobacco use have widely been recognised as important risk factors for cancer, the impacts of alcohol and tobacco health policies on cancer mortality have not been examined in previous studies. CONCLUSION: This study provides evidence that some changes to public health policies in Australia in the twentieth century were related to the changes in the population consumption of alcohol and tobacco, and in subsequent mortality from various cancers over the following 20 years.
Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR)
Characteristics of E-cigarette, or Vaping, Products Used by Patients with Associated Lung Injury and Products Seized by Law Enforcement - Minnesota, 2018 and 2019
What is added by this report? Illicit THC-containing products submitted by 11 of 12 EVALI patients in Minnesota contained vitamin E acetate. Twenty THC-containing products seized during September 2019 contained vitamin E acetate; ten products seized during 2018, before the EVALI outbreak, did not contain vitamin E acetate.
QuickStats: Age-adjusted Percentage of Adults Who Had Ever Used an E-cigarette, by Race and Ethnicity — National Health Interview Survey, United States, 2014 and 2018
From 2014 to 2018, the percentage of all U.S. adults aged ≥18 years who had ever used an e-cig increased from 13.0% to 15.7% overall and, by race/ethnicity, increased among non-Hispanic white, non-Hispanic black, non-Hispanic Asian, and Hispanic adults. Non-Hispanic white adults were the most likely, to have ever used an e-cigarette. In 2018, 19.1% of non-Hispanic white adults had ever used an e-cig, compared with 10.1% of non-Hispanic blacks and non-Hispanic Asians and 10.2% of Hispanics.
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