Taking action on smoking and health
Search period: 03/10 - 30/10
Analysis of submissions to the EU’s public consultation on tobacco traceability and security features
Published: 06/10/2020, Tobacco Control
Background The Protocol to Eliminate Illicit Trade in Tobacco Products requires all parties to establish a tobacco track and trace (T&T) system. In 2016, the European Commission held a public consultation on T&T implementation where parties were asked to respond online to 22 multiple-choice questions and were given additional opportunities to leave comments. In May 2019, the European Union’s (EU) T&T system became operational. This paper explores tobacco industry influence over and policy positions within the consultation process. Findings: Of the 197 consultation respondents identified, 131 (66.4%) had financial links to the industry; 29 (22.1%) were not transparent about these links
Nicotine, Cotinine, and Tobacco-Specific Nitrosamines Measured in Children’s Silicone Wristbands in Relation to Secondhand Smoke and E-cigarette Vapor Exposure
Published: 03/10/2020, Nicotine and Tobacco Research
Conclusions: Silicone wristbands show promise for sensitive detection of exposure to tobacco-related contaminants from traditional and electronic cigarettes and have potential for tobacco control efforts.
The Genetic and Environmental Influences Contributing to the Association between Electronic and Conventional Cigarette Initiation
Published: 06/10/2020, Nicotine and Tobacco Research
Results: Using a sample of young adult twins, ages 15-20 the results showed combined contributions of additive genetic and shared environmental influences were significant for cigarette smoking and Ecigs, while unique environmental influences were significant, for cigarette and Ecig smoking. Results also demonstrated a significant overlap of the unique environmental and familial influences contributing to correlation between the two phenotypes in the bivariate analysis.
Cellular effects of nicotine salt-containing e-liquids
Published: 09/10/2020, Journal of Applied Toxicology
Conclusion: Nicotine salt-based e-liquids cause cytotoxicity and elevate cytoplasmic Ca2+ , indicating that they can exert biological effects beyond what would be expected with nicotine alone. These effects are flavor-dependent, and we propose that flavored e-liquids be reassessed for potential lung toxicity.
Trends in E-Cigarette Use by Age Group and Combustible Cigarette Smoking Histories, U.S. Adults, 2014–2018
Published: 05/10/2020, American Journal of Preventative Medicine
Conclusions The continuous increase among younger-adult never smokers suggests a rise in primary nicotine initiation with e-cigarettes. The concomitant increase among near-term quitters of all age groups suggests continuing e-cigarette use among smokers who may have switched from cigarettes previously.
Young Adults as a Tobacco Control Priority Population in the US
Published: 06/10/2020, JAMA
[Invited Commentary] Commentary on “Trends in the age of cigarette smoking initiation among young adults in the US from 2002 to 2018” JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(10):e2019022.
Implementing a context-driven awareness programme addressing household air pollution and tobacco: a FRESH AIR study
Published: 06/10/2020, Nature Primary care and Respiratory Medicine
Intro: Most patients with chronic respiratory disease live in low-resource settings, where evidence is scarcest. Conclusion: We conclude that contextualising the awareness programme to diverse low-resource settings can be feasible, acceptable and effective, and increase its sustainability. This paper provides guidance to translate lung health interventions to new contexts globally.
The mortality of lung cancer attributable to smoking among adults in China and the United States during 1990-2017
Published: 08/10/2020, Cancer Communications
Conclusions: During 1990-2017, the lung cancer mortality attributable to smoking and the period effect are generally increasing in Chinese adults; the mortality attributable to smoking is decreasing in the US adults, but the period effect tends to be stable. The rapid aging and prevalence of smoking may intensify the increasing mortality of lung cancer in China.
Changes in lipid composition associated with electronic cigarette use
Published: 07/10/2020, Journal of Translational Medicine
Conclusions: In summary, our study does not reveal striking changes associated with electronic cigarette use but we observed sex-specific changes in lipids known to be critical for lung function
Reported patterns of vaping to support long-term abstinence from smoking: a cross-sectional survey of a convenience sample of vapers
Published: 06/10/2020, Harm Reduction Journal
Results: Most participants were self-reported long-term abstinent smokers (86.3%) intending to continue vaping. Most initiated e-cigarette use with a vape pen (45.8%) or cig-a-like (38.7%) before moving onto a tank device (89%). Due to missing data, managed through pairwise deletion, only around 70 participants were included in some of the main analyses. Those using a tank or vape pen appeared less likely to relapse than those using a cig-a-like (tank vs. cig-a-like OR = 0.06, 95% CI 0.01-0.64, p = 0.019). There was an inverse association between starting self-reported e-cigarette liquid nicotine concentration and relapse, interacting with device type (OR = 0.79, 95% CI 0.63-0.99, p = 0.047), suggesting that risk of relapse may have been greater if starting with a low e-cigarette liquid nicotine concentration and/or cig-a-like device. Participants reported moving from tobacco-flavored cig-a-likes to fruit/sweet/food flavors with tank devices.
Does smoking cause lower educational attainment and general cognitive ability? Triangulation of causal evidence using multiple study designs
Published: 07/10/2020, Psychological Medicine
Conclusion: We find some evidence of a causal effect of smoking on lower educational attainment, but not cognitive ability. Triangulation of evidence across observational and MR methods is a strength, but the genetic variants associated with smoking initiation may be pleiotropic, suggesting caution in interpreting these results. The nature of this pleiotropy warrants further study.
Tobacco smoke exposure limits the therapeutic benefit of tezacaftor/ivacaftor in pediatric patients with cystic fibrosis
Published: 03/10/2020, Journal of Cystic Fribrosis
Conclusion: Tobacco smoke exposure nullifies the therapeutic benefit of tezacaftor/ivacaftor among individuals with CF aged 12-20 years old. To maximize the therapeutic opportunity of CFTR modulators, every effort must be taken to eliminate smoke exposure in CF.
The Impact of Smoking on Non-Surgical Periodontal Therapy: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis
Published: 06/10/2020, Journal of Clinical Peridontology
Conclusions: Smoking negatively impacts clinical responses to non-surgical periodontal therapy. Smokers with periodontitis have significantly less PD reduction and CAL gain than non-smokers.
Treating tobacco dependence to aid Re-employment among job-seekers: A randomized controlled trial
Published: 03/10/2020, Preventative Medicine
Conclusions: In a diverse sample with economic hardships, quit attempts and smoking reduction were greater in the intervention group; however, few achieved abstinence, and neither abstinence nor re-employment differed by condition. A priority group, further research is needed on smoking and re-employment.
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